Types of Low-Impact Design and Drainage for Landscape

Estimated read time 3 min read

Drainage procedures that are done correctly can benefit your landscape while also protecting the ecosystems around it. Straight rainy seasons, increased square footage of impervious surfaces, and existing site factors may contribute to excessive runoff (regional landscapes within floodplain areas or poorly drained soils). Flooding, root rot, and plant disease can all be caused by standing precipitation.

Increased runoff causes soil erosion whether your landscape drains properly or not, and there are visually pleasant solutions to manage your landscape. Stormwater pits can control rainwater and melting snow. Instead of soaking into the ground, rainwater from the roof and grass runs through paved areas into the drainage system. Before passing through the main storm sewer system, this water gathers up pollutants and other impurities through various locations. Here are types of low-impact design and drainage for landscape:

Residential properties

Residential homes can help to reduce excess runoff by employing low-impact landscape design ideas. The overall design and efficacy of drainage within your landscape will be enhanced by using grassed swales while establishing rain gardens with native plant material.

There are two types of rain gardens: those that are under-drained and those that are self-contained. Self-contained gardens can provide consistent rainfall infiltration, whereas under-drained systems are meant to remove excess rain within two hours of a heavy storm. The following are the most typical uses for a rain garden:

  • Detention on the premises
  • Water filtration
  • Recharge of groundwater
  • Plant species

stormwater pits

The plants you use in your garden should also represent the right hardiness zones and soil saturation levels. Choose plants that have been propagated in a nursery so that their root systems can establish quickly. Permeable pavers can be utilized as sidewalks and parking places, allowing water to percolate while complementing natural vegetation.

Gardening in the rain

Rain gardens need to be set back at least ten feet from any foundations. The primary goal is to capture as much stormwater runoff as possible. Low-lying regions should not be used for gardens. Consider redirecting marshy regions to your rain garden if your landscape does not sufficiently drain water. Slope, soil type, landscape needs, and existing gardens should all be considered when determining the depth and size of your rain garden.

The presence of excess water in your landscape does not have to deter homeowners from planting healthy gardens and lawns. More information on developing a rain garden suitable for your area can be found at your local nursery and county cooperative extension. With weather disruptions occurring throughout the year, it’s critical to address stormwater management challenges.


Certainly, United State cities and towns adhere to the regulations created and executed by the federal government through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The stormwater pits address any issues relating to public health and safety, water quality, and drainage infrastructure.

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